Ahead of Kenya's 2013, graffiti emerged throughout the country—particularly in the areas worst hit in 2007/8—advocating peace.
Peace rallies were held throughout the country, and the population expressed its strong desire to move on from the events of the previous election.
Despite the calls for peace, many feared an outbreak of violence and targeting amongst ethnic lines. This Somali man, a refugee in Kenya, lives in an area of Nairobi that has also been targeted by attacks against ethnic- and national-Somalis. Prior to the elections, he planned on leaving his home to move to Dadaab, the huge refugee complex in north-eastern Kenya, close to the Somali border.
Kibera, Nairobi's most populous slum, was the scene of inter-ethnic fighting in 2008. Poverty is still devastating here, and contributes to the complex security situation.
Kibera graffiti artist, Solo 7, took to the streets following the 2007/8 post-election violent, painting slogans of peace throughout the slum. Ahead of the 2013 elections, he covered the slum in graffiti such as the iconic slogan "Keep Peace Alive".
Beatrice "Betty" Michael, 40, lives in the Gatwekera sector of Kibera, which was one of the worst-hit areas in the slum during the 2008 violence.
Betty's 17 year-old daughter was killed during the violence; she claims she was hit by a police bullet as they fired in the slum. According to Betty, the authorities have never held an investigation into her death.
Kibera was filled with posters and banners urging people to vote, despite the events of the previous elections. Much of Kibera is populated by supporters of Raila Odinga.
Come voting day, Kenyans turned out before dawn in large numbers to cast their ballot, many waiting in-line for hours. The turn-out was over 85%.
Kenyans were voting for their president, as well as several other posts, which involved a wad of ballot papers and caused some confusion between voters.
Tallying began almost immediately after voting ended, with Uhuru Kenyatta taking an early, but uncertain lead.
The national count, however, was marred by problems and allegations of fraud. The electronic tallying system broke-down, and the electoral commission made the controversial move to revert to a manual count. Kenyans waited for five days, glued to televisions and radios, to find out the final result as the numbers trickled in.
In voting centres around the country, staff worked for days, often with no or little sleep, to count and report the votes.
Around the country, a strong security presence was felt, with armed police and security forces patrolling trouble spots, and guarding voting and tallying centres.
Media, both international and foreign, was forced to stretch out their coverage, waiting on the results, which dragged on for days.
During the wait, much of Nairobi, the capital, remained closed. Communities discussed the possible outcome, and what that would mean to them.
By the Friday night, four days after vote day, the majority of results had been announced, and it seemed likely that Uhuru Kenyatta would win an outright majority, forgoing the need for a second-round run-off. His supporters began congregating at the Jubilee headquarters, to which his party, The National Alliance (TNA) was part.
In the early hours of Saturday morning, an announcement of results seemed imminent, despite the electoral commission saying that they would not announce anything before 11am.
The electoral commission was providing live-updates of its results, and Kenyan television called the results at around 3am on Saturday morning. Many were up through the night watching the updates, and celebrations broke out before dawn.
In strong-holds of Raila Odinga, imminent defeat sparked tensions on the streets. His supporters were chanting "No Raila, No Peace", but said that they would await the official results announcement by the electoral commission.
Following the electoral commission's announcement of Kenyatta's outright majority, thus making him President-Elect, opposition candidate Raila Odinga gave a press conference saying that his party would contest the result. He urged his supporters to have faith in the Supreme Court, and not take to the streets. (Odinga pictured here in Nairobi during his final rally prior to voting.)
Despite the threat of retaliatory action by Raila Odinga's hardline supporters, his words were heeded, and a sense of despondency descended as people waited for the Supreme Court petition and subsequent ruling.
Churches urged messages of peace across the country, although sometimes with security on the gate.
The Supreme Court ruled that Uhuru Kenyatta's victory stood, and on April 9th he was inaugurated as President of Kenya. He is still indicted by the International Criminal Court, but has promised wide-spread change across Kenya.